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After the war, though, the Continental Army was quickly given land certificates and disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies.
State militias became the new nation's sole ground army, with the exception of a regiment to guard the Western Frontier and one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal.
Despite the Burning of York and Death of Tecumseh which caused his Indian confederacy to collapse, an invasion of Canada failed, and U. troops were unable to stop the British from burning the new capital of Washington, D. However, the Regular Army, under Generals Alexander Macomb and Samuel Smith, proved they were professional and capable of defeating the British army during the invasions of Plattsburgh and Baltimore, and the relatively small US Navy, often attached with Marines, earned most of the victory against the Royal Navy at sea.
Two weeks after a treaty was signed, Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans and became a national hero.
The army considers itself to be descended from the Continental Army and thus dates its inception from the origins of that force.
The Regular Army was at first very small, and after General St.The United States Army (USA) is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. The primary mission of the army is "to fight and win our Nation’s wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders." The army is a military service within the Department of the Army, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense.It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U. The army is headed by the Secretary of the Army, and the top military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff of the Army.The highest ranking army officer is currently the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.During fiscal year 2011, the Regular Army reported a strength of 546,057 soldiers; the Army National Guard (ARNG) reported 358,078 and the United States Army Reserve (USAR) reported 201,166 putting the combined component strength total at 1,105,301 soldiers.